How arising from one of the tales of the thousand and One Nights, as a striking red utopia in the middle of nowhere, as the grandiose dream of an emperor… so is the city of Fatehpur Sikri. What an emperor and not a maharaja in India? Yes, a Mughal emperor, and nothing less: Akbar, the grandfather of Shah Jahan, the builder of the Taj Mahal. With these premises, it was clear that we had to include it on our trip to India and that there would be much to see in Fatehpur Sikri.
A Short History of Fatehpur Sikri
In the mid 16th century, the present area of India where today is Fatehpur Sikri was part of the Mughal Empire. In fact, Akbar, one of the greatest emperors of the mughal history, elected Fatehpur Sikri as a location for their capital located in the city of Agra. That explains the amount of huge and luxurious buildings in the city. For almost fifteen years, did honor to his name: Fatehpur means “victorious”. But that dream did not last forever, and, to the death of Akbar, the city was abandoned. Surely the fact that was built in an area without water wells influenced. It took fifteen years to construct and is only habit for fourteen.
The case is that it was forgotten, which explains that none of its large buildings – mosque and palaces were demolished to build others. Fathepur sikri known as the “Ghost Town” form part of the list its World Heritage of UNESCO in 1986.
By the way, by much that is known as ghost town, today there are train and bus station, hotels, restaurants… in Fatehpur Sikri, all around the Old City, which remains uninhabited.
The Buland Darwaza, the First Wonder What To See in Fatehpur Sikri.
If you’ve been in Uzbekistan, the huge gate of the magnificence, Buland Darwaza, you will remind the lavish of the Registan Square in Samarkand. Although, while those were covered with tiles of blue and green colors, this is carved in red sandstone and marble and decorated with beige and white.
Its size is impressive, not in vain is the darwaza -This type of monumental gate- highest world, with about 54 meters of height from the ground, including the 42 steps. Upload them to full sun, as we did, leave exhausted to anyone!-. It was built to commemorate the victory of Akbar on Gujarat.
Jama Masjid: Mosque of Fatehpur Sikri
In spite of the fact that the Mughal emperor Akbar was known for its tolerance, the only religious building which is preserved in Fatehpur Sikri is a Mosque, the Mosque Jama. As in any self-respecting mosque, shoes to enter and covered shoulders and legs. In my case, I left a kind of sarong because he was going to Bermuda in June in India needless to the skin.
The patio is the only thing that you can visit: a gigantic courtyard within which there are sellers of flowers and of “threads”. What threads? Yes, serve as an offering at the tomb of Salim Chishti, a sufi saint buried in one side of the courtyard. The origin of this custom can be traced back to the journey of Akbar to Fatehpur Sikri looking for the Spirit to ask for offspring. Since then, the twine tied in the lattices of the tomb has become a request for children. But, as not only of children live, even less in India, today called for anything and the thread is the reminder to the holy one of which has a request. Almost as a notification of Whatsapp without reading. So, plan your India tour and explore the land of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan.